NASA MEGAROCKET IS ABOUT TO BE LAUNCHED TOWARD THE MOON. Okay, space enthusiasts. The time has nearly arrived. NASA is poised to launch its next-generation rocket and send it flying beyond the Moon for the first time. It’s going to be a wild time, but there’s been a lot going on here on Earth as well, and if you’re anything like me, you might need a short reminder on what’s happening when NASA’s next big thing launches. Follow For More Updates at Rapiddnews.com
What types of objects can the SLS launch?
So many items! This variant of SLS is equipped with four large rocket engines and two solid-state boosters and can transport around 27 metric tonnes to the region of the Moon. That is more than the space shuttle could transport to low Earth orbit, but less than the Apollo-era Saturn V rocket could transport to the Moon. Future iterations of SLS will be able to transport greater cargo.
How will it accomplish that?
It will explode like a 5.75 million-pound fireworks display. These boosters, the twin white cylinders on either side of the rocket, are 17 floors tall and filled with polybutadiene acrylonitrile, a solid rocket fuel. NASA reports that they consume six tonnes of this fuel every second. NASA has you covered if you were wondering what this has to do with jumbo jets. The two boosters will provide 75% of the explosion that propels the rocket and its payload off the ground.
However, this is only a portion of the rocket’s power. In addition, there is the 212-foot-tall core stage, the large orange portion of the rocket. On the day of launch, it will contain 537,000 gallons of liquid hydrogen and 196,000 gallons of liquid oxygen, which will power the four engines at the bottom. All of that fuel and engineering equates to a tremendous amount of power. Within 8.5 minutes of liftoff, the SLS and the Orion capsule it is carrying will reach speeds of approximately 17,000 miles per hour.
What Is an Orium Capsule?
Orion is designed for journeys beyond the orbit of Earth, with possible destinations on the Moon or Mars. It has a highly reflective exterior to withstand extreme temperatures in space, a next-generation heat shield to withstand reentry into the atmosphere, and a launch abort mechanism that could propel astronauts to safety in the case of a malfunctioning launch. It can support four individuals for 21 days in space.
In 2014, Orion successfully completed a space test trip. Since then, it has undergone extensive testing in preparation for its upcoming trip, which has been repeatedly postponed. (More on these delays to follow.)When engineers detected a fault with the spacecraft’s power component in 2020, it appeared like there was a risk that the launch might be postponed once more. Attempting to repair it would have taken months, and backup systems are available, thus the spacecraft will be flown as-is.
ARE THERE GOING TO BE PEOPLE INSIDE ORION?
Nope. There will be three terrifying-looking mannequins secured inside. One is titled Commander Moonikin Campos and will be outfitted with one of the spacesuits astronauts will use on future flights. It will be accompanied by the limbless Helga and Zohar, which will carry radiation detectors to determine the number of radiation astronauts may be exposed to during a lunar mission. Zohar will wear a garment that provides radiation protection.
This entire launch is a test flight, which is one of the primary reasons why there will be no astronauts on board. The SLS is making its debut into space for the first time, and placing people on a rocket before determining its viability seems like a terrible idea. NASA briefly explored attempting this, but ultimately decided against it. Instead, Artemis I will focus on evaluating the performance of Orion and SLS and pushing them to their limits prior to the launch of humans.
What exactly is ARTEMIS I?
Oh oh, yet another moniker! Artemis I is the mission for which the SLS and Orion are responsible. Its major objective is to ensure that Orion can function in space and return humans safely to Earth after the mission is complete. As an added bonus, it will go farther away from Earth than any human-made spacecraft has ever flown before, reaching a distance of 280,000 miles.
Over the course of its 42-day mission, it will travel around 1.3 million miles as it heads to the Moon, enters orbit around it for many days, and then returns to Earth. The mission’s maps resemble a colossal and disorderly figure eight. If the launch on August 29 proceeds as planned, the spacecraft should return to Earth on October 10.